Sun Effects on Skin
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Sun damage test, compare sun exposed skin to non-exposed areas of your body such as, your derriere to forearms - see a difference?
9 reasons to wear your sunscreen. Repeated sun exposure is responsible for ...
- Brown pigmentation changes such as, a sun tan, freckles, brown spots, liver spots, uneven darker skin tone, or hyperpigmentation. This is caused by over active melanocyte cells producing too much skin color, signaling the first signs of sun damage. More than 90% of sun damaged skin presents darker color changes before the appearance of wrinkles or fine lines.
- White spots or hypopigmentation presents no color or pigment in your skin producing irreversible or permanent white spots. Noticeable in women over 50 when combined with the natural loss of pigment due to age.
- Red flush, common in the upper chest below your neck region. Telangiectasia (tee-lang-jeck-tah-zee-ah) is the permanent dilation of small blood vessels called spider veins, often on your face, neck, and chest giving your skin a constant red flush.
- Wrinkles that are premature or accelerated aging known as, photoaging. Over time, the thin "Velcro" like layer holding the top layer, the epidermis, and the second layer, the dermis, together is flattened allowing the two layers to slide in different directions causing bruising. UVA rays shrink and crack the collagen and elastin fibers in the dermis causing loss of volume and flattening, now the surface layer hangs off your body like "baggy clothes" with loose and redundant skin.
- Leather skin, epidermal thickening occurs as protection against the sun’s radiation and the texture can be rough to the touch. Clients often say they have "tough skin" and never feel pain or discomfort.
- Blackheads or senile comedones (KOM-e-dones) are caused by repeated sun exposure. Prominent on people with sun related jobs such as, construction and road workers, and years later on your shoulders after three bad sunburns.
- Actinic keratoses or "sun callous". Actinic is the Greek word for "sun" and keratoses is the medical name for "callous", precancerous scaly lesions.
- Basal and squamous cell carcinoma and the fastest rising cancer, melanoma. Melanoma rates in children less than 15 years old increased by 60% between 1992 and 2001 according to the National Cancer Institute. The melanoma rate nearly doubled between 1973 and 1994 for people ages 15 to 29, and is the most diagnosed cancer in women ages 22 to 29.
- Cataracts, the clear lens in your eyes turn cloudy and thicken as a protective response to sunlight.
Sunlight in small doses is essential for our bodies to produce vitamin D but often turn into larger doses with distractions of outdoor activities. It's essential to always wear your sunscreen to protect your skin from sun damage.